Thứ Bảy, 28 tháng 7, 2018

Golden History of Mon people and Kingdom

The Mon is a small ethnic group living in Southern part of myanmar. The people has their contain interesting history and culture. This is a snapshot about their golden age when they ruled burma
The Mon are an ethnic group of myanmar (Burma) living mostly in Mon State, Bago Region, the Irrawaddy Delta and along the southern border of Thailand and myanmar. One of the earliest peoples to reside in Southeast Asia, the Mon were responsible for the spread of Theravada Buddhism in Indochina. The Mon were a major source of influence on the culture of myanmar. They speak the Mon language, an Austroasiatic language, and share a common origin with the Nyah Kur people of Thailand from the Mon mandala (polity) of Dvaravati.
The eastern Mon assimilated to Thai culture long ago. The western Mon of burma were largely absorbed by Bamar society but continue fighting to preserve their language and culture and to regain a greater degree of political autonomy. The Mon of myanmar are divided into three sub-groups based on their ancestral region in Lower Myanmar: the Man Nya from Pathein (the Irrawaddy Delta) in the west, the Man Duin in Bago in the central region, and the Man Da at Mottama in the southeast.

Mon Kingdom or Hanthawaddy Kingdom

Kingdom of the Mon people, who were powerful in the whole myanmar (Burma) country from the 9th to the 11th and from the 13th to the 16th century and for a brief period in the mid-18th century. The Mon migrated southward from western China and settled in the Chao Phraya River basin (of southern Thailand) about the 6th century AD.
After the Mon moved westward into the Irrawaddy River delta of southern burma in the ensuing centuries, they acquired Theravāda Buddhism. By 825 they had firmly established themselves in southern and southeastern burma and founded the cities of Pegu and Thaton.
About the identical period, southward-migrating Burmans took over lands in central burma and established the kingdom of Pagan. In 1057 Pagan defeated the Mon kingdom, capturing the Mon capital of Thaton and carrying off 30,000 Mon captives to Pagan.

After the fall of Pagan (1287) to the invading Mongols, the Mon, under Wareru, regained their independence and captured Martaban and Pegu, thus virtually controlling their previously held territory. The next 200 years witnessed incessant warfare between the Mon and the Burmans, but the Mon managed to retain their independence until 1539, when they came under the domination of Toungoo myanmar. In 1757, after a revelation, Burmans permanently took over the Mon. The Mon now still centred in southeastern burma, though their numbers are small compared to those of the ethnic Burmese.

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